Having a long historical background as a city Ankara hosts many architectural and historical findings in its museums.
The city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to our date. There are, however, many finely preserved remains of Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine architecture, the most remarkable being the Temple of Augustus and Rome (20 BC) which is also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum.
Museums in Ankara
Atatürk's Tomb (MAUSOLEUM) and Museum
Address : Anıt Caddesi Tandoğan
Phone : +90 (312) 2317975
Located on an imposing hill in the Anıttepe quarter of the city stands the mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Republic of Turkey. Completed in 1953, it is an impressive fusian of ancient and modern architectural ideas and remains unsurpassed as an accomplishment of modern Turkish architecture. There is a museum housing a superior wax statue of Atatürk; writings, letters and items belonging to Atatürk, as well as an exhibition of photographs recordings of important moments of his life and videos from the establishment of the Republic.
Anıtkabir is open everyday, and the museum every day except Mondays. In summer time, at nights there is light and sound show.
Address : Türk Ocağı Cad. Opera
Phone : +90 (312) 3119556
The Ethnography Museum is at the opposite the Opera House on Talat Paşa Boulevard. There is a fine collection of folkloric artifacts and artifacts of Seljuk and Ottoman mosques. Open every day, except Monday
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Address : Kadife Sokak Ankara Kalesi
Phone : +90 (312) 3243160
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is close to the citadel entrance. An old bedesten (covered bazaar) has been beautifully restored and currently housing a marvelous and unique collection of Paleolithic, Neolithic, Hatti, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian, and Roman works and exhibits the pieces Lydian treasures. Open every day, except Monday. During the summer time the museums is open everyday.
Mehmet Akif Ersoy Old House & Museum
Address : Hacettepe University Campus, Sıhhiye
Phone : +90 (312) 3052144
Mehmet Akif Ersoy Museum, on the Hacettepe University Central Campus, commemorates the famous national poet who wrote the text of the Turkish national anthem as well as songs of independenee, and many other poems. open weekdays from 10 am - 12 pm and 2 pm - 4 pm.
Address : Yassıhöyük Köyü Polatlı
Phone : +90 (312) 6214422
Address : ODTÜ Kampüsü
Phone : +90 (312) 2101000
METU Museum is on the campus of Middle East Technieal University. It has archeological artifacts and ethnographic displays. Open weekdays, 9:30 am to 3:30 pm.
Address : Çankırı Cad. Dışkapı
Phone : +90 (312) 3107280
The bath, situated on Çankırı Avenue in Ulus, features: a frigidarium (cold room), tepidarium (cool room) and caldarium (hot room).
They were built in the time of Emperor Caracalla (3rd century A.D.) in honour of Asclepios, the god of medicine. Today only the basement and the first floor are remained.
Ahi Elvan Mosque
Found in the Ulus quarter near the Citadel, this mosque was built and finished during the Iate 14th and early 15th centuries. The finely carved walnut mimber (pulpit) is of special interest.
This mosque is inside the Citadel walls. It has a carved walnut mimber, the inscription on which shows that the mosque was built in the 12th century by the Seljuk ruler, Mesut.
This Seljuk mosque, near the citadel, was built in the 13th century. The mosque has a mihrap (prayer niche showing the direction to Mecca) of Seljuk tiles, and an unusual double colonnade of wooden columns. Next to the mosque is the tomb of Ahi Şerafeddin.
Atatürk's House is on the grounds of the Presidential Palace in Çankaya and was Atatürk's house after the Republic is found. The house is much as it was in Atatürk's day, and exhibits photographs that recordings of important events of his life time. Open Sundays and on religious and national holidays, 1:30 pm to 5:00 pm.
Address : İstanbul Highway 12th km. Etimesgut
Phone : +90 (312) 2248550
The Aviation Museum, located in Etimesgut, displays various small and large scale models, aircrafts, and photographs. Open everyday, except Monday and Tuesday
The Cartography Museum, located in the Harita Genel Komutanlığı (General Mapping Directorate) building in the Cebeci quarter, has old and new maps. open Tuesdays and Thursdays from 9 am - 12 pm and 2 pm - 5 pm.
Column of Julian
This column, in Ulus, was built in 362 A.D., probably to commemorate a visit by the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate. It stands fifteen meters high and has a typical leaf decoration on the capital.
The Education Museum follows the history and technology of education in Turkey. It is located in Ankara Gazi University, in the Beşevler district. open on weekdays
Museum of Aviation Studies
Address : Çankırı Cad. Dışkapı
Phone : +90 (312) 3107280
Hacı Bayram Mosque
This mosque, in Ulus, next to the Temple of Augustus, was built in the early 15th century in Seljuk style and was subsequently restored by Sinan in the 16th century, with Kütahya tiles being added in the 18th century. The mosque was built in honor of Hacı Bayram Veli, whose tomb is next to the mosque.
Erected in the 1970's in Sıhhiye Square, this impressive monument symbolizes the Hatti gods and commemorates Anatolia's earliest known civilization.
This is a recently constructed mosque of great size in classical Ottoman design with four minarets. Built between 1967 and 1987 in the Kocatepe quarter, its size and prominent situation have made it a landmark.
Liberation War Museum
The Liberation War Museum, diagonally across the street from Ulus Square, is in the original form where the first parliament building of the Republic of Turkey was. Here the War of Liberation was planned and directed. There are various photographs and items on exhibition where you can view how it was during those times. There are also wax figures of the former presidents' of the Republic of Turkey. Open every day, except Monday.
The Meteorology Museum on Sanatoryum Avenue in Kalaba, shows the history of meteorology and its studies in Turkey. open during the weekdays.
Monument of the Republic
Build in 1927 in Ulus Square. It is a symbol of the struggle for independence on the part of Atatürk and the Turkish people in the War of Liberation.
Monument to a Secure, Confident Future
Monument to a Secure, Confident Future: This monument, in Güven Park, was erected in 1935 and bears Atatürk's advice to the nation of Turks: "Be proud, hardworking, and believe in yourself."
Museum of the Republic
The Museum of the Republic, close to the Liberation War Museum, is hosted by the the second parliament building of the Republic. Archive of the important events in the early republican period are displayed here. Open every day, except Monday.
Natural History Museum
The Natural History Museum can be found on the grounds of the MTA (Mineral Research and Exploration Institute) on the Eskişehir road in Ankara. The displays record the evolutionary development of the world. Open every day except religious holidays.
Painting and Sculpture Museum
The Painting and Sculpture Museum is close to the Ethnography Museum. It houses a rich collection of Turkish art which dates back to the Iate 19th century. There are also galleries for guest exhibitions. Open every day, except Monday.
The remains, including pro-scene (stage), and scene (backstage), can be seen outside the citadel. Roman statues that were found here are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. The audience area is still under excavation.
Temple of Augustus
The temple is in the Ulus quarter of the city. It was built by the Galatian King Pylamenes in 10 AD. as a tribute to Augustus, and was reconstructed by the Romans on the ancient Ankara Acropolis in the 2nd century. lt is important today for the "Monument Ancyranum," the sole surviving "Political Testament" of Augustus, detailing his achievements, inscribed on its walls in Latin and Greek. In the 5th century the temple was converted into a church by the Byzantines.
The TRT Museum (Turkish Radio & Television Broadcasting) exhibits the development from the time when radio broadcasting has begun in Turkey, including antique phonographs and radios as well. lt is located in the TRT General Directorate building in the Oran district. open Mon.,Wed., Fri., 11 am - 3 pm.
TCDD open-air Locomotive Museum
The TCDD open-air Locomotive Museum, near the railway station by the Celal Bayar Blvd., shows the history of steam locomotion through the locomotives on display. Open weekdays.
T.C. Ziraat Museum
T.C. Ziraat Museum at the Ulus branch of the bank displays a rich collection of coins and money in a building of architectural beauty. Open weekdays from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm
Museum of Toys
The Toy Museum in Cebeci houses toys of all kinds made of wood, metal, porcelain, paper and more. open Wednesdays and Fridays from 10 am to 5 pm.
Erected in 1927 in Zafer Square at the Sıhhiye quarter. It shows Atatürk in uniform.
Yeni (Cenab Ahmet) Mosque
This is the largest Ottoman mosque in Ankara and was built by the famous architect Sinan in the 16th century. The mimber (pulpit) and mihrap (prayer niche) are of white marble, and the mosque itself is of Ankara stone (red porphyry), an example of very fine workmanship. It is on Ulucanlar Avenue.